What if you could have an apple instead of a medicine? What if you could replace your cholesterol medicines with a bowl of oats? What if you could have curds instead of an antacid to sooth your intestine? This kind of food which makes food the medicine to fight diseases is a therapeutic diet.
Lifestyle diseases like cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, uric acid or hormonal imbalance (PCOS, Thyroid etc), bloating, water retention, acidity, constipation can be significantly reduced or sometimes completely treated by a therapeutic diet planned by a nutritionist.
A therapeutic diet uses food as a therapy and controls the intake of certain foods and nutrients as a part of treatment. While designing a therapeutic diet the nutritionisteliminate, decrease or increase specific nutritional needs in the diet or reduces the risks of inflammation or reactions.
The therapeutic diets are based on the science of nutrients and how they interact with a disease. The therapeutic diets are a modification of the normal diets where the nutritionist removes or adds certain foods, changes nutrient texture or modifies the caloric content of the food by increasing or decreasing bulk in the diet.
Some common examples of therapeutic diets are gluten-free diet, low- carbohydrate, low-sodium, no concentrated sweet diet, renal diet, low fat diet, high fibre diet, no added salts diet etc. Diabetic diet and DASH (The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet are the most common diets used by nutritionist to control lifestyle disorders.